construction essential 4 terms you should know are: construction project management, construction management systems, construction project manager and software for construction management.
1- Construction Project management:
Why management of structure projects are required? we use the construction management to ensure that the project will be completed as designed, on time and within project budget. What if some one can complete a project as per design , on time and within project budget without any management, do we still need to perform the management of structure projects?? I believe in the very small project the answer is no, but in the bigger projects there is another benefit of the construction project management is to formalize and organize the relationship between the client (The owner of the project) and the contractor (responsible for executing the project). most of clients do not trust the contractors to be sole responsible of project execution and they assigned third party consultant to monitor the contractor performance and to create management systems.
2- Construction project management systems:
The concept of construction project management system is exist since the beginning of the history, could you imagine that Egypt pyramids or Wall of China have been built without project management? although they were built thousands of years ago but i am sure that there was a construction project management system. always the large-scale government projects were the impetus for making important decisions that became the basis for project management. The Modern era construction project management systems started in late 19th century, in the United States mega projects such as the transcontinental railroad, which began construction in the 1860s. Suddenly, business leaders found themselves faced with the daunting task of organizing the manual labor of thousands of workers and the processing and assembly of unprecedented quantities of raw material. from that date to today the construction project management systems are being developed and enhanced. Now days there are management organization such as PMI (Project Management Institute), IPMA (International Project Management Association) , AACE International ( Association for the Advancement of Cost Engineering) etc. who keep preparing and updating construction management systems and provide effective techniques to manage the projects and create management plan.
3- Construction project manager:
construction project manager could be one person or a team or even an organization. The construction project manager who represent the client is responsible for monitoring the progress and the quality of the project and keep eye on the contractor performance. However the construction project manager who represent the contractor is responsible of building the project and both positions are the key of the project success. The challenges the construction project manager face needs his knowledge to be one inch deep (not to sink in small details) and one mile wide (to be involved in almost every thing in the project). The project management institute PMI have created a special certification for project managers called PMP project management professional which identify the project process and how the project manager should deal with project
4-project management software for construction:
Project management software are tools for management, and it will not create a project management plan itself, it is all about the proper input you feed these tools the more accurate results you get from the software. The type of the management software depend on the required output, there software’s provide a full control of the project such as SAP Business Management Software Solutions, other software provide powerful scheduling tools such as Primavera Professional Project Management, and Microsoft Project MS Project. and in my opinion the Microsoft Excel is very powerful project management software for construction. as we said earlier it all depends on what are your requirement and expectations to select the right management software.