One of the Project Managers Roles is Team Development, McGregor’s Theory or Xy Theory of Management defines the type of project manager power as per the following:
Five Stages of Team Development :
Any team working in a project will pass five main stages from the day the meet each other to the date they leave the job as per the following :
Forming: Where the team meets and learns about the project, their roles and responsibility.
Storming: The team begins addressing technical work and decisions, it needs collaborative behavior
Norming : The team begins to trust each other as they begin to work together and adjust work habits
Performing: The team is interdependent and work through issues smoothly and effectively
Adjourning: The team completes the work and moves on from the project
Powers of the Project Manager:
Project managers almost always have difficulty getting people to cooperate and perform, especially if they are working in a matrix organization.Therefore, it is important for the project managers to understand what they can do to get people to perform.
Formal (legitimate): Power based on your position., “Do the work because I have been put in charge!“
Reward ‐ Giving rewards. : “I understand that you have been wanting to participate in the acceptance testing of this project because of your performance, I will assign you as part of that team! “
Punishment (coercive):Being able to punish team g p members. ,“If this does not get done on time, I will remove you from the group going to Hawaii for the customer meeting!ʺ
Expert : Being the technical or project management expert., “We should listen to what the project manager suggests. She is the world authority on this technology!“
Referent ‐ Based on the project managerʹs personality or knowledge or referring to the authority of someone in a higher position. “The vice‐president has put me in charge of this project. We will therefore do it this way!“